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Cyprus
The island of Cyprus is at the heart of one of the oldest frozen conflicts in the eastern Mediterranean. Indeed, this country that was made into a kingdom in the Middle Ages, dominated by Turkey and then by the UK, before becoming independent in 1960 and joining the EU in 2004 has a population which is 2/3 Greek and one third Turkish. Power sharing between the two communities was planned for as soon as the island became independent, but in 1974, following a coup that brought to power a regime that supported Cyprus’s annexation to Greece, the Turks invaded the northern part of the island. In 1983 they proclaimed the “Republic of Northern Cyprus” acknowledged only by them. In 2002, a draft project put forward by the UN was rejected by the Greek Cypriots. Negotiations started again in 2010 but are still ongoing.
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